Eight Step Intro to Type
My “super short” intro to type is here www.erictb.info/temperament2ss.html, but in my quest to come up with the simplest, most concise complete description of the type system (which I find is hard to get people to understand), I’ve come up with another way to introduce it, but don’t want to incorporate it into that page, as it will just make it longer. So I might as well use the blog here, for this alternate intro.
1) Type is formed from a dominant orientation (introversion/extraversion; yielding the first letter; I or E) and two functions; one dominant and the other, auxiliary.
2) The two preferred functions are the two middle letters of the four-letter type code.
3) Of the two functions, one is “perception” or “information” gathering (S, N), and the other is “judging” or for rational conclusion or decision-making (T, F).
4) The functional perspectives:
S (Sensing): tangible data that is seen, heard, etc.
N (iNtuition): conceptual data; what things mean or possibilities
T (Thinking): Impersonal evaluations, true or false regardless of affect
F (Feeling): Evaluations of what affects us as emotional beings; good or bad
5) Introverts (people with a dominant introverted orientation) are overstimulatable by the external environment, and thus turn inward, to the “subject”.
Extraverts (dominant extraverted orientation) are understimulatable and thus merge the subject with the external “object”.
6) The dominant function bears the dominant orientation (called “attitude”), and the auxiliary bears the opposite one.
7) Extraverted functions deal with the external environment, and the introverted functions deal with internalized data such as things memorized.
• This changes certain aspects of the four functions, generating eight different perspectives (Called “function-attitudes” or “processes”) that define type; (denoted by the capital function letter S, N, T or F followed by the lowercase e or i).
•All eight perspectives are implicit in every situation; (they are not skills within the person); we simply pay more or less attention to the different ones, beginning with the dominant and auxiliary.
8) The last letter, J or P, indicates which of the two preferred functions (denoted by its “judgment” or “perception” class) is externally oriented, which Myers determined would be significant in personal interaction. (This is called a “pointer variable“).
• So this factor changes the orientation of both functions when the middle two letters are kept the same; and what looks like a type that is similar from sharing the first three letters is actually very different, functionally.
• It also has some meaning of its own as a standalone factor, as functions sharing the J/P attitude (extraverted Thinking or Feeling with introverted Sensing or iNtuition; or extraverted Sensing or iNtuition with introverted Thinking or Feeling) do have some things in common (even though the opposite functions with the same attitude and same functions with opposite attitude are radically different). This dichotomy has been generally been associated with “openness” (P) vs “closure” (J) and organizational skills, even though this cannot be generalized too much.
I might as well add this from the first part of the other intro, to make it complete:
There are thus sixteen possible combinations of function attitudes using these measures. This is by any combination of: E/I + S/N + T/F + J/P
Here are some reasonaly good descriptions of the 16 types:
Here are the 16 types and their definitive dominant and auxiliary functions:
|ISTJ: SiTe||ISFJ: SiFe||INFJ: NiFe||INTJ: NiTe|
|ISTP: TiSe||ISFP: FiSe||INFP: FiNe||INTP: TiNe|
|ESTP: SeTi||ESFP: SeFi||ENFP: NeFi||ENTP: NeTi|
|ESTJ: TeSi||ESFJ: FeSi||ENFJ: FeNi||ENTJ: TeNi|